STORED PRODUCT:

These are the most common insects in ready-mixed packages of biscuit flour. Insects deposit eggs on the outside of packages and the larvae bores through the packaging material. Closures are the weak point in packaging. Adults and larvae of flour beetles & sawtoothed grain beetles reach the food through the openings left in the sealing & not by gnawing through the cover. Glass jars or metal cans/drums with tight fitting lids can totally exclude insects. Packaging companies now greatly enhance exclusion of insects by use of insect resistant packages & materials treated with repellents, such as oil of wintergreen.

INDIAN MEAL MOTH, SAW TOOTH GRAIN BEETLE, & CONFUSED FLOUR BEETLE
Saw Tooth Grain Beetle
Saw Tooth Grain Beetle
Indian Meal Moth
Indian Meal Moth
Flour Beetle
Flour Beetle
OCCASIONAL INVADERS:
WOOD BORERS:
 

PHAROAH ANT
Pharaoh Ants are small ants and may vary in color from a pale yellowish tan to red. The pharaoh ants are notorious for getting into things like opened packages of cookie on the counter top or inside cabinets. They prefer to feed on sweets and are attracted to jellies, fruit and fruit juices, and sugar. They also will feed on greases and are voracious predators attacking other ants, grubs, worms, and dead insects.

Pharaoh ants prefer to nest in area that are relatively warm and they like to travel along water and electrical lines.
 

EASTERN BOX ELDER
The adult is black with a central & a pair of lateral thin red lines on its pronotum: these lateral lines continue about half the length of the outer wings edge. The transition zone between the thickened & membranous portions of the forewings are also marked with thin cross angle lines. The prime host of the boxelder bug is the boxelder tree, which is native to the midwest. They also feed on the silver maple, sycamore maple, and tree dropped apples, prunes, and possibly pears, strawberries, and other fruit, plus the carcasses of dead honey bees. The primary food source is fallen boxelder seeds.
 

LADY BUG
These are considered to be a beneficial insect due to their feeding of harmful insects. However, they can be a real nuisance by invading homes when the weather warms when they come out of hibernation. Most are shiny red, orange, or yellow with black markings. They are easily recognized by their round, often spotted bodies, less than 1/16-3/8" long. Both adults & larvae are predators, mostly of aphids.
 

FRUIT FLY
Fruit flies are small to medium-sized insects, 1/8-3/8" long. The larvae feed or on flowers or fruit, or form galls in plant stems. A few species are serious pests in orchards, attacking apples, cherries, and citrus crops.
 

HOUSE FLY
The house fly is 1/6 to 1/4" in length, with the female usually being larger than the male. The thorax bears four narrow black stripes & a sharp upward bend is present in the 4th longitudinal wing vein. Fresh animal manure is a favorite breeding medium of the house fly along with fermenting vegetable refuse, dumpsters, refuse containers & household garbage. Dog feces is also a common breeding area.
 

SOWBUGS & PILLBUGS
They have oval bodies, convex above and flat or hollow underneath. They rarely reach more than 3/4" in length. The common pillbug prefers moist locations and are found under objects on the damp ground, as well as under vegetable debris of all kinds. They are usually most active at night. Sowbugs can be identified by their two prominent tail-like appendages and the fact that they can’t roll up like the pillbug. They both occasionally invade damp basement areas, as wells as 1st floors of houses. They become inactive during the winter months except in artificially treated buildings such as greenhouses.
 

CENTIPEDE
Elongate, wormlike. Similar to millipedes but their body is more flattened. Legs (15 or more pairs) arranged 1 pair per body segment. Antennae with 14 or more segments. They are common found in the soil and debris under bark, in rotting wood, and in similar protected places. They are active & fast running and are predaceous on insects and other small arthropods. They have poison jaws with which they will paralyze their prey. They are relatively harmless to humans.
 

COMMON GROUND BEETLE
This is one of the largest families of beetles. They are usually found on the ground beneath objects; some are found on vegetation and flowers. They often run rapidly when disturbed. Most species are nocturnal and hide during the day. They are generally black and shiny or dark and their legs are long and slender. Mostly 5-15mm.
 

EARWIG
Earwigs owe their name to the widespread superstition that they crawl into the ears of sleeping people and bore into their brains. The pinchers are actually for offensive and defensive weapons and occasionally are used for capturing prey like aphids and flies. Earwigs are brownish to black in color, narrow bodied, elongate, and somewhat flattened, ranging in size for 1/4" to 1" in length. They are active at night and hide during the day, preferring to rest in dark moist cracks such as those found under mulch, bark, stones, and debris.
 

SILVERFISH
Silverfish are among the most primitive of all insects and are believed to be even older than roaches. They are long and slender wingless with short legs, long antennae and several elongated tail-like appendages from their abdomen. The average length is 1/2 inch.
Silverfish can be found in attics and basements particularly in old cardboard boxes that contain books and magazines. They are very fond of paper and book bindings. Even eating the glue used to hold the pages together. They will eat anything that has a high starch content and flours.
 

FLYING ANT
Most any species produce winged members. The majority of these winded ants are immature queens. These queens loose their wings shortly after mating. The male ants keep their wings throughout their life and die a few days after mating.
 

DRAIN FLY
Drain flies are called drain flies because they breed in drains. They are annoying in homes in sinks and bathtub drains. May breed in tremendous numbers in sewage-filter plants and then be carried by the wind where they penetrate through ordinary fly screening for 1 mile. There is not only a possibility of the transmission of disease by the flies, but the flies also stick to clothes, fall into food, darken lamps, mar fresh paint, and in some instances, make breathing without swallowing them difficult.
 

PAVEMENT ANT
They typically range in size from 2.5mm to 3mm long. The body color varies from light to dark brown to black. They get their name from its habit of nesting beside and under sidewalks, driveways, and foundations.
 

GNAT
Gnats are common insects usually found in moist shady places. Most species are 5mm. Or less, and dark colored. Larvae feed on fungi, decaying vegetation, or on plant roots.
 

SUBTERRANEAN TERMITE
Subterranean termites are the most widespread and destructive termite groups in the United States. Almost all of the termite colonies in Ohio are eastern subterranean termites.
These termites build shelter tubes from tiny particles of wood, soil, and debris they cement together with secretions and fecal material.
The worker termites are responsible for constructing tubes, tending to the nymphs, and feeding the entire colony.
The soldier termites compromise about 3% of the colony and defend the colony against attack from ants and other insects.
In the Spring, a termite colony produces winged members called swarmers. The swarmers emerge from the colony in large numbers and after a short flight attempt to mate and re-enter the soil to start a new colony.
After the king and queen mate, the queens sole purpose is to lay eggs that hatch into new workers and soldiers.
Worker termites are white, blind and about 1/4 inch long.
 

POWDER POST BEETLE
Powder Post Beetles are small beetles that bore into wood for the purpose of depositing their eggs. Once these eggs hatch, the larvae will feed on the interior parts of the wood for an extended period of time, sometimes in excess of 2-3 years. The larvae then develop into the adult beetles and exit the wood through small holes 1/32 to 1/8 inch. They will mate and re-enter the wood and start the process all over.
Powder post beetles damage can be determined by the presence of the many shot sized holes on the side of the timers and a fine powder sifting out of these holes. These beetles are fairy common in older timbers and houses built before lumber was dried in a kiln.
 

CARPENTER BEES
Carpenter bees are large solitary bees that chew 1/2 inch holes into exposed dry wood of buildings, decks, telephone poles, fences, etc.
The male carpenter bee usually hover close to the exit hole and chase animals and humans that they perceive as a threat. These males are harmless and do not even have a stinger. The females can sting but rarely do.
The females excavate the holes to an average depth of 4-6 inches. When they are finished they deposit an egg then build a wall and continue this process until she deposits about 6 eggs. The length of time for a new bee to develop is about 36-40 days.
Carpenter bees are most commonly detected by their presence and piles of sawdust directly under holes that appear to have been drilled into the wood.
 

CARPENTER ANT
Carpenter ants get their name from the fact that they prefer to build their nests in wood that preferably has been damaged by water. They don't eat the wood but simply excavate galleries that are smooth tunnels with a sanded appearance. Carpenter ants can sometimes be detected by piles of a course sawdust that they have dropped outside of the nest location.
Carpenter ants are typically black ants between 1/4 and 1/2 inch long Each colony has many different sized workers with specific jobs based on their size.
Carpenter Ants eat simple sugar and protein and may even cultivate aphids for their nectar.
Carpenter ants are primarily nocturnal but will remain active in dark areas of a structure.
Carpenter ants can cause significant damage to homes by excavating into roofs or around windows that had previously been damaged by water.
 

WOOD BORER BEETLES
Wharf borers are soft bodied yellow beetles about 1/2 inch long, with black tips on the wings covers. The larvae of this beetle lives in wood that is saturated with water.
Most people notice this beetle when large numbers of adults emerge within a structure. Most often, these insects are living in rotting wood from a previous structure that is buried below the new structure.
Old house borers are not common in Ohio. This can occasionally be found inside structures living in seasoned wood. The larvae feed on soft woods such as pine, fir and spruce. They can occur in log homes and the homeowner may actually hear the larvae chewing on the wood.
INSECT & RODENT IDENTIFICATION from WELLS PEST CONTROL
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WILDLIFE CONTROL AND SMALL VERTEBRAE ANIMAL CONTROL:
STINGING INSECTS:
PAPER WASPS
PAPER WASPS

3/4" long; black or brown with red & a few small yellow markings. Nests are made of papery material; one circular comb of cells opening downward. Commonly found under eaves, corner of windows, above doorways, behind shutters, under decks, & inside electric boxes and grills.

HORNET NEST
HORNET NEST

These social wasps live in colonies which number thousands of individuals. Nests in wall voids, attics, or in places where they can go unnoticed all season. 3/4" long black with yellow or white markings.

YELLOW JACKET
YELLOW JACKET

3/4" long; black with yellow or white markings. Nest are made of papery material; nests either aerial or below the ground or both; nests are large and globular.

BUMBLEBEE
BUMBLEBEE

1" long; black and yellow body covered with hair. Nests are made of wax cells, which are found below ground, under slabs and in wall voids

MITES & TICKS
MITES & TICKS

Many mites are beneficial, preying on eggs of aphids, attacking insects on plants, and hunting roundworm in the soil. Ticks are generally larger than mites, some species measuring up to 1-1/8" in length. Ticks sometimes can carry diseases from one animal to another. Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tickettsial infection transmitted by a widepread tick found commonly on dogs, coyotes, and many other wild animals. They also carry Lyme disease, flu-like illness is reported first by most victims of Lyme disease. Symptoms of Lyme disease often mimic influenza, rheumatoid arthritis, syphilis, Lou Gehrig’s disease, and even Alzheimer’s.

HOUSE MOUSE
HOUSE MOUSE

The house mouse is the number one rodent in the world. General appearance is small and slender. They weigh 0.4 to 1oz. The head and body are 2-3.5 inches with the tail being about 3-4 inches. They have poor eyesight but an excellent sense of smell, taste, touch and hearing. The urine of a house mouse contains an allergen that can be a major cause of asthma and allergic rhinitis. One mouse can excrete 40 to 100 droppings per day, as well as deposit thousands of microdroplets of urine.

NORWAY RAT
NORWAY RAT

Norway rat (brown rat, sewer rat, barn rat, wharf rat, and gray rat). An average adult measures up to 16" in total length from nose to end of the tail and weighs about 12 ozs. grayish brown color, but may vary from pure gray to a blackish or reddish brown. The burrows of Norway rats in the field are often near protective objects such as boards, rocks, or alongside slabs and foundations. Bubonic plague: common form of plague, septicemic plague, pneumonic plague, Urban plague, and Sylvatic plague. Danger of plague has been greatly reduced by modern sanitation, antibiotics, and effective pest management programs.

MOSQUITOES
MOSQUITOES

The Northern House Mosquito is pale brown with whitish bands across its abdomen. They have a 9 mm wingspan and can fly up to 14 miles to take a blood meal working from dawn to dusk. They breed in cans, old tires ,rain barrels storm drains, marshy areas and many other places with standing water. Several types of mosquitoes are known to carry disease, such as malaria and encephalitis which includes the West Nile Virus.

DISEASE CARRYING :
RAT
RAT

Norway rats and black rats are the two most common rats in the U.S. Norway Rat: 16 inches long from nose to tip of its tail, grayish brown in color and weigh about 16ozs. Typically live in underground burrows even when nesting places are available within adjacent buildings. Black Rat: medium sized rat weighing about 8 ounces and measuring about 16 inches from end of its nose to the tip of its tail. Is a sleeker looking than the Norway rat. They are not always black in color but may be wholly black or brown-backed with the belly varying from gray to cream-colored white. They prefer to nest in elevated areas such as treetops and roofs making it more elusive. They also nest in attics, wall voids and soffits of buildings.

MOUSE
MOUSE

House mice are typically small, slender - about 2 to 3 ˝ “ long, with large ears & a pointed snout. Their tail is about 3-4" long. Their fur ranges from light brown to light gray. They have poor eyesight but have excellent smell, touch, taste & hearing. They are social and live in groups and generally stay within 30' of their homes.

RODENTS CONTROL:
FLEAS
FLEAS

Dog and cat fleas are the intermediate hosts of tapeworms capable of infecting humans if accidentally ingested and more than 90% of the fleas found on your pet. The cat fleas life cycle is in 4 stages which is egg, larva, pupa and adult. Depending upon temperature & humidity, the entire life cycle of the cat fleas can be completed in 12-14 days or as prolonged up to 174 days. Under most household conditions the majority of cat fleas will complete their life cycle within 3-5 weeks.

INVASIVE PESTS:
BED BUGS
BED BUGS

Bed bugs are about 1/8"-1/4". They are very flat, usually 2/3 wide as long. Rusty red to brown or purplish. The antennae is slender, 4 segments. Similar in size to an apple seed. Habitat: Human habitations, particularly bedrooms. Range: Worldwide. Food: Human blood. Life Cycle: During lifetime, female lays up to 300 eggs, which hatch within a week, Depending on food supply, nymphs take up to 6 weeks-12 months to become adults. Bedbugs can survive up to 15 months without food.

CRICKETS
CRICKETS

These crickets are yellowish brown between 3/8 and 3/4 inch. The female cricket can lay eggs year round. Camel Crickets: Camel crickets (humped, tan or gray bodies)between 3/8 and 2 inches long. Antennae as long as their bodies. Camel crickets prefer to live in dark areas such as basements or under decks and are nocturnal. Crickets will feed on fungi, roots, foliage, fruit and dead insects.

ORIENTAL COCKROACHES
ORIENTAL COCKROACHES

Oriental Cockroaches are large very dark colored and shiny.

COCKROACHES:
GERMAN COCKROACHES
GERMAN COCKROACHES

German cockroaches are light brown to tan with two dark stripes located on their backs. They are oval shaped with six legs and antennae.

BROWNBANDED COCKROACHES
BROWNBANDED COCKROACHES

Brownbanded cockroaches are brown with pronounced banding across their wings.

SPIDERS:
BLACK WIDOW
BLACK WIDOW

It is perhaps the most well known spider in North America. The adult female is usually jet black above with 2 reddish triangular markings joined to form an “hourglass” shape on the underside of the abdomen. Mature females are nearly ˝" in body length and males are about ˝ this size.

WOLF
WOLF

Wolf spiders are large, hairy running spiders that are often confused with tarantulas. They are active hunters and construct no webs. Larger species are up to 1-1 ˝" in body length and can have a leg span up to 3 to 4". They are commonly found in cellars and can be of a great concern to homeowners when seen inside as its leg span can reach up to 3 inches.

GROUND SPIDERS
GROUND SPIDERS

Members of this family are often mistaken for wolf spiders & also sac spiders. They differ from the sac spiders in that the front pair of spinnerets are cylindrical rather than cone shaped and unlike wolf spiders, they have no large eyes.. Their body length is about 1/4 to ˝" and the abdomen is gray-brown with a whitish band above. Ground spiders are active, nocturnal hunters commonly found in the daytime hiding in their retreats under stones, logs, etc

BROWN RECLUSE SPIDER (VIOLIN SPIDER)
BROWN RECLUSE SPIDER (VIOLIN SPIDER)

The body color of the brown recluse spider varies from yellowish to light tan to dark brown abdomen. Cephalothorax( the combined head and thorax) is orange-yellow with dark violin pattern. Bases of legs are orange-yellow, rest of legs grayish to dark brown. The male is about 1/4" and the female is about 3/8". They are usually found outdoors in sheltered corners among loose debris; indoors on the floor and behind furniture in houses and outbuildings. Their diet is small insects.

COMMON HOUSE
COMMON HOUSE

The common house spider has a body length of about 3/8" and is brown in coloration. Its spherically shaped abdomen has numerous darker markings. This species selects web-building sites at random .If the sites do not yield prey they are abandoned. They are predators of small insects such as fruit flies, but they can also handle larger prey.